Bugeaud, Thomas-Robert, marquis de la Piconnerie, duke d'Isly

Bugeaud, Thomas-Robert, marquis de la Piconnerie, duke d'Isly
   military figure
   Thomas-Robert Bugeaud, who was born in Limoges, after distinguishing himself as a young officer in the wars of the Empire, notably in spain, went over to the Bourbons (1814), then to napoleon i during the hundred days, during the course of which he repelled the Austrians in Savoy. Named field marshal at the beginning of the July Monarchy and elected deputy in 1831, he was charged with guarding the duchess of Berry in 1832, and with suppressing the uprising of April 1834, which made him very unpopular. Sent for the first time to Algeria in 1836, where he won the victory at sikkah (July), he at first opposed this occupation, which he deemed too costly for France. In 1837, he signed with the Emir Abd el-Kader the Treaty of Tafna. This having been broken, Bugeaud, named governor-general of Algeria (1840), then declared a fierce war, employing scorched-earth tactics, and organized the conquest of the country. Promoted to marshal in 1843, and made duke d'Isly after his victory over the Moroccans on the banks of the isly (1844), he tried to establish an indirect form of government there (indigenous leaders would take orders from the French through the Office for Arab Affairs). But lacking support from the French government, he resigned and was replaced by the duke d'AUMALE. Bugeaud returned to France, where he died of cholera.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bugeaud, Thomas-Robert, duke d'Isly, marquis de la Piconnerie — ▪ marshal of France born Oct. 15, 1784, Limoges, Fr. died June 10, 1849, Paris       marshal of France who played an important part in the French conquest of Algeria.       Bugeaud joined Napoleon s imperial guard and later distinguished himself… …   Universalium

  • Thomas Robert Bugeaud — Bugeaud by Charles Philippe Larivière Born …   Wikipedia

  • Armorial des maréchaux de France — Article principal : Maréchal de France. Cette page recense, par règne ou mandat politique, les personnalités élevées à la dignité de maréchal de France, grand office de la couronne de France, leur portrait et leurs armoiries. Sommaire 1 Les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Бюжо, Тома Робер — Тома Робер Бюжо фр. Thomas Robert Bugeaud, marquis de La Piconnerie, duc d Isly …   Википедия

  • France — /frans, frahns/; Fr. /frddahonns/, n. 1. Anatole /ann nann tawl /, (Jacques Anatole Thibault), 1844 1924, French novelist and essayist: Nobel prize 1921. 2. a republic in W Europe. 58,470,421; 212,736 sq. mi. (550,985 sq. km). Cap.: Paris. 3.… …   Universalium

  • guerrilla warfare — the use of hit and run tactics by small, mobile groups of irregular forces operating in territory controlled by a hostile, regular force. [1835 45] * * * ▪ military tactics Introduction also spelled  guerilla warfare        type of warfare fought …   Universalium

  • Abdelkader — in full ʽAbd al Qādir ibn Muḥyī al Dīn ibn Musṭafā al Ḥasanī al Jazāʾirī born Sept. 6, 1808, near Mascara, Alg. died May 26, 1883, Damascus, Syria Founder of modern Algeria and leader of its struggle against the French. His father had led a… …   Universalium

  • Foreign Legion, French — ▪ military organization Introduction French  Légion étrangère    an elite military force originally consisting of foreign volunteers in the pay of France but now comprising volunteer soldiers from any nation, including France, for service in… …   Universalium

  • Algeria — /al jear ee euh/, n. a republic in NW Africa: formerly comprised 13 departments of France; gained independence 1962. 29,830,370; 919,352 sq. mi. (2,381,122 sq. km). Cap.: Algiers. * * * Algeria Introduction Algeria Background: After a century of… …   Universalium

  • Pélissier, Aimable-Jean-Jacques, duc de Malakoff — ▪ marshal of France born Nov. 16, 1794, Maromme, France died May 22, 1864, Algiers, Alg.  French general during the Algerian conquest and the last French commander in chief in the Crimean War.       Educated at the military schools of La Flèche… …   Universalium